Developmental Delay



What is developmental delay?


Developmental delay is when a child not reach their development milestone by a time or age that is expected. Developmental milestones are behaviors or physical skills seen in infants and children as they grow and develop. Rolling over, crawling, walking and talking are all considered milestone.


Child development refers to the process of development and achievement of certain development milestone. Also child develop at different rate and weakness and strength of muscle.



What causes of development delay?

Every child with development delay will present differently. Development delay may cause variety of factors including genetic factors, problems with pregnancy, premature birth;


· Child are at risk if they are born with a genetic or abnormal chromosomal disability such as Down’s syndrome.

· Premature baby, multiple birth or infections during pregnancy are associated with and increased risk for many development delay.

· Maternal chronic illness such as diabetes, high blood pressure, renal disease or autoimmune disorder.


https://blogs.biomedcentral.com/on-medicine/2017/05/30/finding-the-genetic-causes-of-developmental-delay/


Sign of motor development delay


Motor development delay affects a child ability to use their muscle and may involve fine or gross motor skills. It will affect large group muscle in the arm, leg or trunk. Result in movement difficulties. For fine motor delay affect small muscle, commonly in hand cause problem to grasp objects.

And include:


· Stiffness in upper and lower limb.

· Difficulty walking

· Reduce tone in trunk and shoulder movement

· Achieving development milestone such as rolling, sitting crawling and standing later than predicted age.


Treatment for motor development delay


· Exercise to increase muscle strength and control. Encourage the children to lifting the head, kicking and reaching during tummy time.

· Playing and rolling on the floor, crawling around the environment.




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