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Everyone is different, some learn better with listening, and others learn better with visualizing. In special education, students who have difficulty communicating with others will most likely have tantrums and their progress is slower than others. It's very important to present information that is suitable for students to meet their needs and enhance their abilities.

What are visual aids?

Visual aids are a guide/prompts for students to visualize and implement the expected steps of their assigned activities.

There are many types of visual aids in special education, for example:

1. Visual schedule (0.00-0.09)

To help them transition better during activities in the daily routine.

2. Checklist

To make clear of what tasks/goals are expected of the student to accomplish.

3. Rule Card (0.20-0.58)

To remind them on the do's and dont's

4. Token board (3.00-3.26)

A positive reinforcement to encourage/motivate students to maintain and aware of their positive behaviours.

5. Steps Board (1.40-2.47)

To break down the task into smaller manageable pieces for the student to achieve step by step

6. Communication board/PECS/Augmentative and alternative communication(AAC) (0.09-0.19; 1.00-1.20)

To communicate with others with picture prompts.

Communication Board


Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC)

Below is the demonstration video on how you can use the visual aids with the child in your daily life.

the specific timing for each visual aid is indicated in the bracket above

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